WHAT ARE POP AND PGI PRODUCTS?
“Protected Designation of Origin” (PDO) means the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional cases a country, used to describe an agricultural product or a foodstuff originating in that region, specific place or country, whose quality or characteristics are essential or exclusive to the geographical environment, including the natural and human factors of production, processing and preparation that take place in the defined geographical area.
“Protected Geographical Indication” (PGI) means the name of a region, a specific place or, in exceptional cases a country. used to describe an agricultural product or a foodstuff originating in that region, specific place or country, whose given quality, reputation or other characteristics are attributable to that geographical origin and whose production and/or processing and/or manufacturing are carried out in the defined geographical area.
In 1992, the European Union adopted Regulation 2081/92 on the protection of geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs and Council Regulation 2082/92 on certificates of specific character for agricultural products and foodstuffs. The purpose of Regulation 2081/92 is to protect designations, while the purpose of Regulation 2082/92 is mainly the protection of traditional recipes.
In accordance with these Regulations and in the context of the reorientation of the common agricultural policy (CAP), farmers may turn to forms of integrated rural development through diversification of agricultural production. The recognition of PDO and PGI for agricultural products and foodstuff allows growers (especially in disadvantaged and remote areas) to more easily promote products with specialized features, improving their income through the better prices they achieve on the market and, secondly, allow consumers to buy quality products with guarantees of production, processing and geographic origin.
Greece has registered 84 names as PDO and PGI, of which 61 relate to PDO and 23 to PGI products. The 84 protected designations include: